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Jacob's House

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Where did Jacob Parkhouse live?

UPDATE 2016 - VIEW THE SWAY!

1851 Census HO107/1863 FOLIO 260
Description of Enumeration District
Superintendent Registrar's District Honiton 280
Registrar's District Honiton 1
No. of Enumeration District 11c
All that part of the parish of Upottery and part of Town Tything as lie between the River Otter and the Turnpike Road called the Honiton and Taunton Road leading from Honiton to Taunton from the Bridge between Rawridge and Upottery Town in a South Easterly direction to Churchenford and from thence in an Easterly direction to the extreme boundaries of the Parish down to the River Otter.

The following table shows the consecutive households on that part of the Census Enumerator's round between Phillishays Farm and Little Ulcumbe.

Head: LEARY, Benjamin                            Neighbors     6171
Name       Relationship             Mar          Age          Sex           Occupation              Birthplace
Benjamin  LEARY   Head        M             45            M             Tailor      Bolem...-Devonshire
Elizabeth  LEARY   Wife        M             43            F              Tailoress  Bolem...-Devonshire
Mary  LEARY         Daur         -               10            F              Scholar     Bolem...-Devonshire
Martha  LEARY      Daur         -               7              F              Scholar     Bolem...-Devonshire
Anna  LEARY         Daur         -               6              F              Scholar     Bolem...-Devonshire
Elizabeth  LEARY   Daur         -               3              F              ---            Bolem...-Devonshire
Sarah  LEARY         Daur         -               1m           F              ---            Bolem...-Devonshire
       Address:  
Phillishays Farm, Honiton
       Census Place:           Upottery Honiton, Devonshire
       PRO Reference:       HO/107/1863   Folio: 264    Page:  2      FHL Film:     0221011

 
Head: HARNER, William                Neighbors     6172
Name   Relationship  Mar    Age    Sex    Occupation    Birthplace
William  HARNER
      Head   M      61     M      Farm Labourer Stockland-Devonshire
Elizabeth  HARNER
    Wife   M      62     F      ---    Yarcombe-Devonshire
Jamer  HARNER
Son    -      19     M      Farm Labourer Upottery-Devonshire
Sarah  HARNER
Daur   -      17     F      ---    Upottery-Devonshire
       Address:      Cottage, Honiton
       Census Place: Upottery Honiton,
Devonshire
       PRO Reference:       HO/107/1863   Folio: 264    Page:  3      FHL Film:     0221011

 
Head: PARKHOUSE, John                Neighbors     6173
Name   Relationship  Mar    Age    Sex    Occupation    Birthplace
John  PARKHOUSE      Head   M      78     M      Pauper/Farm Labourer Upottery-Devonshire
Sarah  PARKHOUSE     Wife   M      82     F      ---    Dunkeswell-Devonshire
       Address:      Cottage, Honiton

       Census Place: Upottery Honiton, Devonshire
       PRO Reference:       HO/107/1863   Folio: 264    Page:  3      FHL Film:     0221011

Jacob Parkhouse’s son, John. His first wife, Miriam Pool, “died in the prime of life of a fever, buried 10 Apr 1808  
Head: PROWES, Ann             Neighbors     6174
Name   Relationship  Mar    Age    Sex    Occupation    Birthplace

Ann  PROWES   Head   U      30     F      Seamstress    Churchstanton-Devonshire
William  PROWES      Son    -      12     M      ---    Upottery-Devonshire
George  PROWES       Son    -      6      M      Scholar       Upottery-Devonshire
Charles  PROWES      Son    -      4      M      Scholar       Upottery-Devonshire
Ann  PROWES   Daur   -      1      F      ---    Upottery-Devonshire
Isaac  PARKHOUSE     Lodg   U      63     M      Mason  Upottery-Devonshire

      
Address:      Stone Cott, Honiton

       Census Place: Upottery Honiton, Devonshire

      
PRO Reference:       HO/107/1863   Folio: 264    Page:  3      FHL Film:     0221011
 

The surname is PROWER. Jacob Parkhouse’s son, Isaac could well be the father of the unmarried Ann Prower's children.
Head: PARKHOUSE, Samuel              Neighbors     6175
Name   Relationship  Mar    Age    Sex    Occupation    Birthplace

Samuel  PARKHOUSE    Head   M      39     M      Mason  Upottery-Devonshire
Elizabeth  PARKHOUSE Wife   M      42     F      ---    Churchstanton-Devonshire
John  PARKHOUSE      Son    -      19     M      Masons Labourer      Upottery-Devonshire
Mary  PARKHOUSE      Daur   -      16     F      ---    Upottery-Devonshire
William  PARKHOUSE   Son    -      13     M      Shoemaker     Upottery-Devonshire
Samuel  PARKHOUSE    Son    -      11     M      ---    Upottery-Devonshire

      
Address:      Parkhouses Cottage, Honiton

       Census Place: Upottery Honiton, Devonshire

      
PRO Reference:       HO/107/1863   Folio: 264    Page:  3      FHL Film:     0221011

Jacob Parkhouse’s illegitimate son, Samuel, by Sarah Clapp, his deceased wife’s sister, bap 5 June 1808 at Upottery, who married Elizabeth Smith 18 Mar 1834 at Churchstanton.
Head: CLAPP, Sarah            Neighbors     6176
Name   Relationship  Mar    Age    Sex    Occupation    Birthplace
Sarah  CLAPP  Head   U      50     F      ---    Upottery-Devonshire
Mary Ann  CLAPP      Daur   -      19     F      Seamstress    Upottery-Devonshire

Charlotte  CLAPP     Daur   -      13     F      ---    Upottery-Devonshire
Mary Jane  CLAPP     GDau   -      8m     F      ---    Upottery-Devonshire

Robert  BROMFIEL     Lodg   U      47     M      Farm Labourer Upottery-Devonshire
       Address:      Cottage, Honiton

       Census Place: Upottery Honiton, Devonshire
       PRO Reference:       HO/107/1863   Folio: 265    Page:  4      FHL Film:     0221011

Jacob Parkhouse’s illegitimate daughter, Sarah, by Sarah Clapp, his deceased wife’s sister, bap 25 Dec 1800 at Upottery.
It would appear that Mary Ann, baptised in Luppitt on 10 July 1831, and Charlotte, baptised in Upottery 15 April 1838, were also illegitimate.
Mary Jane was Mary Ann's daughter and also illegitimate. She was born 23 July 1850 in Upottery
Head: DRAKE, Robert           Neighbors     6177
Name   Relationship  Mar    Age    Sex    Occupation    Birthplace

Robert  DRAKE Head   U      23     M      Dairyman ...  Upottery-Devonshire
Mary  DRAKE   Sis    -      17     F      Housekeeper   Upottery-Devonshire
       Address:     
Little Ulcombe, Honiton
       Census Place: Upottery Honiton, Devonshire

      
PRO Reference:       HO/107/1863   Folio: 265    Page:  4      FHL Film:     0221011

 

The area in Upottery, Devon, between Phillishayes Farm and Ullcombe where the above cottages, including Parkhouses Cottage, must have been according to the 1851 census enumerator’s notes. The Turnpike road is the red-coloured one. The same area using Google Earth
was taken, it is possible that one of these homes is where he had lived, perhaps the one inhabited by Samuel and Elizabeth Parkhouse called "Parkhouses Cottage". However, the exact location of this group of cottages is not yet clear. Any information, suggestions even, on this would be much appreciated. It is likely that the cottage would not be what we would today call a cottage and perhaps, being less substantial, probably thatched, made of cob and with an earth floor, it has not survived. One wonders if he paid rent or was it something he erected himself? The Otter Valley location suggests that the land upon which it stood was not waste or heathland because all such land in Devon had already been enclosed: "...Devon has long been recognised as one of the earliest counties to be enclosed and that, with rare exceptions, the arable land was probably wholly enclosed by Elizabethan times". [The Reclamation of the Waste in Devon, 1550-1800  W. G. Hoskins
The Economic History Review, Vol. 13, No. 1/2 (1943), pp. 80-92] The presumption then is that the 1819 (59 Geo 3) Rawridge and Upottery (Devon) Inclosure Act affected only the moorland and heath-land around Upottery.
There is the possibility that Jacob Parkhouse or his forebears, like many others, suffered as a result of the Enclosures, losing a measure of independence:
"Each enclosure required an Act of Parliament and Commissioners were appointed to investigate the various claims, each man receiving in a single block roughly the same area as the total area of his strips in the open-fields. The cottager, having survived the scrutiny of the Commissioners, discovered that he not only had to pay his share of the legal costs of the enclosure procedure but also had to put up a fence around his land to confirm its enclosure. The cost of this was beyond many cottagers and this, coupled with the fact that they either lacked the means to work their new land economically or that the land allocated to them was unsuitable for the crops they needed and grew in the open fields, resulted in many selling their holding to the wealthier holders. Also many of the squatters, who had in previous years cultivated some land on the outskirts of the village, were evicted, having no kind of legal right. Thousands were subsequently reduced to the status of land­less labourers, many migrating to the towns where they were absorbed into the growing industries. Those who did stay in the country found that the new techniques increased the wealth of the rich farmer but progressively made the labourer worse off. He could no longer supplement his wages with garden produce from his holding in the open fields, or graze his animals on the common lands, or collect fuel from the wastes." [The English Country Cottage - R.J. Brown page 35 ISBN0099336200]

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